ARCHIVED — Vol. 146, No. 17 — August 15, 2012
SOR/2012-156 July 27, 2012
HEALTH OF ANIMALS ACT
Regulations Amending the Reportable Diseases Regulations
The Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food, pursuant to subsection 2(2) of the Health of Animals Act (see footnote a), makes the annexed Regulations Amending the Reportable Diseases Regulations.
Ottawa, July 11, 2012
Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food
REGULATIONS AMENDING THE REPORTABLE DISEASES REGULATIONS
1. The reference to
bluetongue (serotypes not listed in item 6.1 of Schedule VII to the Health of Animals Regulations)
fièvre catarrhale du mouton (sérotypes qui ne figurent pas à l’article 14.1 de l’annexe VII du Règlement sur la santé des animaux)
in the schedule to the Reportable Diseases Regulations (see footnote 1) is replaced by the following:
bluetongue (serotypes not listed in Schedule VII to the Health of Animals Regulations)
fièvre catarrhale du mouton (sérotypes qui ne figurent pas à l’annexe VII du Règlement sur la santé des animaux)
COMING INTO FORCE
2. These Regulations come into force on the day on which they are registered.
REGULATORY IMPACT ANALYSIS STATEMENT
(This statement is not part of the Regulations.)
This miscellaneous regulatory proposal corrects errors identified by the Standing Joint Committee for the Scrutiny of Regulations.
Notifiable diseases are set out in Schedule VII of the Health of Animals Regulations (HAR), while reportable diseases are listed in the Reportable Diseases Regulations (RDR). The key distinction between the two disease categories relates to the reporting requirements and the response actions for each. Any person who suspects that an animal may have a reportable disease is required to promptly notify the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). In the case of notifiable diseases, only Canadian laboratories must alert CFIA.
The detection of reportable diseases normally triggers CFIA disease control actions, which are intended to rapidly contain and, if possible, eradicate disease outbreaks. In most cases, CFIA does not implement specific disease controls in response to immediately notifiable diseases. CFIA involvement in immediately notifiable diseases is usually limited to notifying trading partners and the World Organisation for Animal Health.
Bluetongue is a viral disease of domestic and wild ruminant animals that can only be transmitted by biting insects of certain species of Culicoides (also known as midges). Bluetongue virus cannot be spread directly from one infected animal to another animal. Infection in cattle, goats and elk is generally unapparent or mild, but sheep and white-tailed deer may be severely infected and death is possible. Bluetongue does not pose any human health risk.
In April 2010, bluetongue serotypes 2, 10, 11, 13 and 17 were added to the list of immediately notifiable diseases in Schedule VII of the HAR. All other bluetongue serotypes remained on the list of reportable diseases maintained in the RDR. Subsequently, in December 2010, the five bluetongue serotypes that had been previously added to the list of notifiable diseases in Schedule VII of the HAR were inadvertently omitted from the new list produced when the HAR were amended to address Canada’s National Aquatic Animal Health Program. The result of this error is that these serotypes no longer appear on either the notifiable diseases list in the HAR, or the reportable diseases list in the RDR. There is also a reference in the RDR to a section of Schedule VII of the HAR that no longer exists.
Correcting these errors by including the five bluetongue serotypes in Schedule VII of the HAR would result in minor renumbering. The RDR are also being amended to correct a reference to that section which appears in the HAR.
This regulatory package corrects errors identified by the Standing Joint Committee for the Scrutiny of Regulations.
This regulatory amendment corrects the error identified above in the RDR by amending the reference to the incorrect section of the HAR.
The RDR will be amended to remove the reference to item 6.1 in Schedule VII of the HAR. In its place, the RDR will list bluetongue as a reportable disease, except for those serotypes listed in Schedule VII of the HAR.
Since these amendments correct an oversight and do not change regulatory intent, no direct consultations have taken place. In addition, no comments were received in April 2010 when the five serotypes were first introduced into the HAR and the RDR.
This regulatory amendment corrects the error identified above in the RDR by amending the reference to the correct section of the HAR. This amendment will update the Regulations so that they are as intended in the amendment made in April 2010.
7. Implementation, enforcement and service standards
This amendment will not affect CFIA’s current enforcement activities or service standards.
Regulatory, Legislative and Economic Affairs
Canadian Food Inspection Agency
1400 Merivale Road
S.C. 1990, c. 21