Vol. 150, No. 45 — November 5, 2016

Regulations Amending the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations

Statutory authority

Immigration and Refugee Protection Act

Sponsoring departments

Department of Citizenship and Immigration and Department of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness

REGULATORY IMPACT ANALYSIS STATEMENT

(This statement is not part of the Regulations.)

Executive summary

Issues: At present, Canadian visa requirements are applied to all foreign nationals from a visa-required country, regardless of the risk posed by individual travellers. While this policy attempts to balance security with facilitation, it can contribute to bilateral irritants with key trading partners and important allies who are subject to a visa. The Government of Canada needs new tools to facilitate the entry of low-risk travellers from visa-required countries.

Description: The proposed regulatory amendments would expand electronic travel authorization (eTA) eligibility to travellers from Brazil, Bulgaria and Romania who have held a Canadian temporary resident visa at any time during the last 10 years, or who, at the time of application, hold a valid nonimmigrant visa from the United States. The amendments would also enable a new immigration information-sharing connection with the United States to confirm the validity of a visa issued by the other country.

Cost-benefit statement: The cost associated with expanding eTA eligibility to low-risk travellers from visa-required countries and implementing visa validation with the United States, together with the potential increase in enforcement and asylum costs resulting from these changes, is expected to be approximately $12.1 million (present value [PV]) over 10 years (2017–2026). The offsetting benefits over the same period, resulting primarily from approximately 14 000 travellers per year whose entry into Canada has been facilitated, are estimated at $137.4 million (PV). It is thus estimated that the impact on Canadians from expanding eTA eligibility would be $125.3 million in net benefits over the next 10 years. There would also be qualitative benefits, such as increased business and trade opportunities; easier access for foreign nationals from Brazil, Romania and Bulgaria to visit family and friends residing in Canada; and closer ties and cooperation that may result from improved bilateral relations between Canada and the European Union (of which Bulgaria and Romania are member states), as well as between Canada and Brazil.

“One-for-One” Rule and small business lens: The “One-for-One” Rule does not apply to this initiative, as there is no change in administrative costs to business. The small business lens does not apply since no costs will be imposed on small business.

Domestic and international coordination and cooperation: Expansion of eTA eligibility was announced in April 2015 and gained positive domestic and international media coverage. Where appropriate, eTA expansion has been discussed in various bilateral settings with the implicated countries, who are supportive of their inclusion in the program.

Background

In April 2015, the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR) were amended to support the introduction of the electronic travel authorization (eTA). Implementation of the eTA was a key commitment of the Government of Canada as part of the Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness action plan.

The eTA is a new electronic document requirement for visa-exempt air travellers to Canada, excluding citizens of the United States. Travellers apply online for an eTA by providing basic biographical, passport and personal information. An automated system then compares this information against immigration and enforcement databases (held by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada [IRCC] and the Canada Border Services Agency [CBSA]) to determine if the traveller is admissible to Canada. The vast majority of applications are approved automatically, with a small percentage referred to an officer for review.

The eTA application form was made available to the general public on August 1, 2015, and became a mandatory requirement for entry to Canada on March 15, 2016.

The eTA is supported by CBSA’s Interactive Advance Passenger Information (IAPI) system as well as the Integrated Primary Inspection Line (IPIL) Air application. The IAPI system functions as the eTA’s enforcement mechanism by flagging for airlines instances where a foreign national does not hold a prescribed document. The CBSA is currently phasing in implementation of the IAPI system and will continue to do so over the coming months, with full implementation expected by spring 2017.

Canada has, for many years, closely collaborated with the United States on immigration and border issues. To improve immigration information sharing, new regulations were implemented in 2013–2014 to enable some automated information sharing between Canada and the United States.

Issues

Canada’s visa policy framework is designed to ensure a balance between welcoming visitors to Canada and protecting the integrity of Canada’s immigration programs and public safety.

At present, decisions about visa requirements rely on a country-based risk management approach. Proposals to lift or impose a visa include a comprehensive country assessment that considers a full range of implications (e.g. migration concerns, risks to safety, benefits of a change, impacts on trade and bilateral relations). The result is that, with few exceptions, all foreign nationals from a visa-required country must apply for a visa to come to Canada.

This approach can create bilateral irritants with key trading partners and allies. Moreover, screening that is principally based on visa requirements for a given nationality can be insufficiently nimble to reflect changes in terms of economic opportunity and individualized risk within a country (e.g. trade relationships, presence of low-risk repeat business travellers and tourists from visa-required countries). It also imposes a large burden on travellers.

With the introduction of the eTA, IRCC has expanded the number of policy options at its disposal to manage temporary migration. While introduced as a tool to screen travellers from visa-exempt countries, the eTA is recognized for its potential as a facilitative tool for select travellers from visa-required countries. The imposition of a visa affects all travellers from that country, regardless of the risk posed by the individual. Electronic travel authorizations are part of a trend in migration management whereby technology and automation are increasingly used to screen individual travellers proportionate to the risk they pose.

Canada’s implementation of the eTA has therefore created significant expectation that every effort will be made to accelerate our ability to facilitate low-risk travellers from visa-required countries in the same manner as visa-exempt travellers. Consequently, in 2015, the Government of Canada announced that eTA eligibility would be expanded to include low-risk foreign nationals from the visa-required countries of Brazil, Bulgaria and Romania. For the purposes of expanded eTA eligibility, low-risk travellers are defined as those who have held a Canadian temporary resident visa (TRV) at any time during the last 10 years, or who, at the time of application, hold a valid U.S. nonimmigrant visa.

Effective implementation of expanded eTA eligibility must balance travel facilitation objectives with the need to maintain the integrity of the immigration program. This includes ensuring that only those who meet established eligibility criteria are, when travelling to Canada by air, able to apply for an eTA, namely travellers who have held a Canadian TRV in the last 10 years, or who, at the time of application, hold a valid U.S. nonimmigrant visa, and that others are directed to the visa process. Canada needs the capacity to validate U.S. visas in an automated manner. To preserve quick processing times while ensuring the integrity of the program, a new automated information-sharing capacity is needed with the United States to verify visa validity. Existing information-sharing regulations need to be amended to clarify Canada’s authority to obtain this information from the United States in an automated manner in the context of an eTA application and also to enable Canada to provide positive visa information to the United States.

Objectives

This proposal is intended to facilitate legitimate travel and promote Canadian tourism while continuing to protect the integrity of Canada’s borders by tailoring screening and resources based on the risks posed by individual travellers.

Facilitating legitimate travel to Canada and promoting Canadian tourism: This proposal is expected to help make Canada a more attractive destination for tourism and business. The eTA’s expanded eligibility would benefit low-risk, repeat visitors to Canada (i.e. business people, tourists, family) from select key markets (Brazil, Bulgaria and Romania) who currently must apply for a new visa each time their previous visa expires.

This proposal also benefits nationals of Brazil, Bulgaria and Romania travelling by air to the United States when transiting through Canada. When travelling by air, visitors from these countries who have been issued a U.S. visa would find it easier and less costly to add Canada as a destination or as a transit point, which would help to improve the competitiveness of Canadian airports.

Maintaining program integrity: Expansion of the eTA would provide screening proportionate to the risk posed by eligible travellers. For previous Canadian visa holders, IRCC will have already processed and approved an application from the traveller, thereby providing assurances that the individual presents a lower immigration risk than other, unknown travellers. Possession of a valid U.S. nonimmigrant visa is also an indicator that a traveller presents lower levels of risk, as the traveller will have successfully undergone screening by a trusted partner. Given Canada’s close relationship with the United States, this would present an acceptable assurance that a traveller can be screened through the eTA instead of a full visa process.

It is also important to ensure that the application of the eTA as a facilitative measure performs as expected, and that it is capable of screening otherwise visa-required travellers over and above the volumes of visa-exempt travellers already using the system. Therefore, the proposed regulatory changes would ensure that the initial expansion is implemented with a targeted, but strategically important, segment of the visa-required population.

By tailoring screening requirements based on the risks posed by individual travellers, the Government would also be able to focus resources on higher-risk travellers. Reducing the processing workload for IRCC officers would allow them to focus more time on complex visa applications, thereby increasing IRCC’s oversight capacity to improve the safety and security of Canadians.

Description

The Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations would be amended to permit foreign nationals from Brazil, Bulgaria and Romania to apply for an eTA for travel to Canada by air if they meet any of the following conditions:

eTA-eligible clients would benefit from a reduced fee ($7 for an eTA compared to $100 for a TRV), faster processing (automated versus manual processing), and minimal administrative burden (no passports or other documents submitted with the application in most cases). Foreign nationals who are citizens of Brazil, Bulgaria and Romania, but do not meet the eligibility criteria, or are travelling by land or sea, would still be required to apply for a temporary resident visa.

The IRPR would also be amended to clarify Canada’s authority to send a biographic query to the United States in an automated manner when an eTA expansion application is received from an applicant who indicates that they hold a U.S. nonimmigrant visa. Additionally, in keeping with the reciprocal nature of our information-sharing relationship with the United States, regulations that currently limit Canada’s ability to disclose information about the validity of a Canadian visa to the United States would be updated. This would allow Canada to provide information in an automated manner about the validity of a Canadian temporary resident entry document when the United States sends queries.

Finally, the IRPR would be amended to make some technical changes to ensure that the authorities for the eTA program operate as intended. Some technical issues were identified during the development of the eTA program following the publication of Amendments to the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (SOR/2015-77) on April 22, 2015, in the Canada Gazette, Part II.

These proposed technical amendments would

Regulatory and non-regulatory options considered

The Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations require that all foreign nationals entering Canada on a temporary basis hold a visa, unless otherwise exempt. The proposed regulatory amendments are therefore required to make certain foreign nationals, seeking to enter Canada by air, eligible to apply for an eTA.

Similarly, the IRPR currently list several purposes for which Canada may send an automated query to the United States. Adding eTA applicants to this list would clarify Canada’s authority and add transparency.

Additionally, the IRPR currently limit Canadian disclosure of information pursuant to a biographic query to specific circumstances which do not include the validation of Canadian visa information. In order to establish a reciprocal information-sharing relationship with the United States, the IRPR must be amended.

Benefits and costs

The cost-benefit analysis (CBA) starts from a baseline scenario, defined as the scenario that would occur if the status quo were maintained: where all travellers from Brazil, Bulgaria and Romania would continue to be required to obtain a visa unless otherwise exempt. The baseline is compared with the proposed regulatory amendments, which would, in 2017, expand eTA eligibility to travellers from Brazil, Bulgaria and Romania who have held a TRV in the last 10 years or who, at the time of application, hold a valid U.S. nonimmigrant visa. Of note, an eTA may only be used when entering Canada by air. Consequently, travellers entering Canada from land and sea ports would continue to require a visa.

The first year of impacts would be in 2017, however, impacts are prorated for a spring program launch. Therefore, all implementation, development and transition costs as well as enforcement costs and tourism benefits are assumed to commence in 2017. All monetized costs and benefits are expressed in constant 2015 dollars using a discount rate of 7%.

Overall, Canadians would not carry any costs associated with the processing of an eTA application, as this process is fully cost recovered from foreign nationals through an application fee. However, Canadians would carry IT costs associated with implementing the necessary infrastructure to support expanding eTA eligibility and the visa validation connection with the United States. The Government would also incur increased enforcement costs associated with the risk that additional asylum and inland enforcement cases would result due to higher volumes of arrivals. Nevertheless, facilitation of low-risk travellers to Canada would allow for quicker processing times for those who are eligible and is expected to attract new travellers who otherwise would not have visited Canada for business or leisure or to visit friends and family.

Facilitated travellers (those who would be incentivized to visit Canada due to expanded eTA eligibility) are a key variable in the cost-benefit analysis. In estimating the number of facilitated travellers, IRCC applied historical visa application data for each country as well as industry forecasts of air travel demand to Canada to establish baseline volumes from Brazil, Romania and Bulgaria. Recognizing that this is the first visa facilitation measure of its kind undertaken by the Department, the analysis relied on proxies from visa lifts, pilot programs and expert review to form the estimate of how many additional travellers would be incentivized to apply for an eTA. The methodology assumed that, in 2017, there would be 20% more eTA applications than in the baseline forecasts of those who would apply under the eTA expansion. The 20% surge factor is based on visa lift data which shows that, on average, in the first year following a visa lift, traveller volumes increase anywhere from 19% in Poland (2008) to 37% in Hungary (2008). A conservative estimate of a 20% surge, validated by missions, for one year only was applied. From 2018 onwards, the effect is reduced to 15%. The 15% is based on mission validation, visa lift volume trends as well as analysis from departmental efforts to facilitate TRV processing in certain countries, which provided some insight into the impact of streamlining visa processing impacts on demand for travel. Overall, the analysis estimates that more than 14 000 visitors per year would travel to Canada due to expanded eTA eligibility (for the purposes of the CBA, this figure does not include all possible travellers, such as those arriving for short-term studies or returning students).

The costs associated with implementing the new program would include delivering communication products to ensure the new program is effectively marketed and set up and to cover ongoing maintenance of IT infrastructure to expand eTA eligibility and allow visa validation with the United States, and the expected rise in inland enforcement and asylum costs that could result from increased volumes of visitors (facilitated travellers). These costs are estimated at $12.1 million over 10 years.

The offsetting benefit in additional tourism spending from new visitors, that otherwise would not have come to Canada had it not been for expanded eTA eligibility, is estimated at $137.4M (PV) over 10 years. This benefit assumes that, on average, an overseas visitor to Canada will spend $1,638 per trip (in 2015 dollars) for leisure or business travel, and $799 if they are here to visit friends and family (e.g. spending on accommodations, restaurant meals, consumer goods and leisure activities). Overseas visitor spending per trip is sourced from The Canadian Airport Council’s Final Report on “The Economic Impact of the Air Transportation Industry” published in April 2013, and is further substantiated by Destination Canada’s “Where we market Canada,” current trends and market considerations for Brazil, available at www.DestinationCanada.com.

The analysis demonstrates that expanded eTA eligibility, in reducing impediments to travel to Canada for low-risk travellers, would generate monetized benefits to the Canadian economy in the form of additional tourism spending. These benefits are expected to be greater than the cost of implementation, ongoing IT support and increased risk of asylum and inland enforcement. There would also be qualitative benefits, including improved overall integrity of the visa program due to a shift in workload for IRCC visa officers from low-risk application processing to focusing on more complex visa applications; increased business and trade opportunities due to easier access for low-risk business travellers; a simplified process for those eligible to visit their family and friends residing in Canada; indirect impacts from increased air travel to Canada such as higher demand to transit through Canada and improved aviation connections; and closer ties and cooperation that may result from improved bilateral relations between Canada and the European Union members (with Bulgaria and Romania as member States) as well as Brazil.

Cost-benefit statement

Costs, benefits and distribution

Base Year 2017

Year Five 2021

Final Year 2026

Total

Annualized Average (see note *)

A. QUANTIFIED IMPACTS in millions of dollars, present value (PV)

Benefits

Stakeholders

         

Tourism benefit

Canadian economy / tourism industry

16.3M

13.9M

11.5M

137.4M

19.6M

TOTAL BENEFITS

16.3M

13.9M

11.5M

137.4M

19.6M

Costs

Stakeholders

         

Transition / IT set up / ongoing maintenance costs

Government of Canada (IRCC, CBSA and Shared Services)

3.6M

0.7M

0.5M

9.8M

1.4M

Enforcement costs (port of entry and in-land)

Government of Canada (IRCC and CBSA)

0.3M

0.2M

0.2M

2.4M

0.3M

TOTAL COSTS

 

3.9M

0.9M

0.7M

12.1M

1.7M

Net benefits (net present value)

$125.3M

$17.9M

B. QUALITATIVE IMPACTS

Qualitative benefits

Stakeholders

Description of benefits

Easier access and opportunity for foreign nationals to visit family and friends residing in Canada

Canadian citizens / permanent residents residing in Canada

There is a benefit to Canadian permanent residents (PRs) and Canadian citizens who have family members in these three countries. Expanding eTA eligibility would provide better access to their extended families, in that the ability for friends and family to visit Canadian PRs and citizens would become easier and less costly. 

Public security benefits

Canadians / Government of Canada

Expanding eTA eligibility would reduce the processing workload for IRCC visa officers, allowing them to focus more time on complex visa applications, thereby increasing IRCC’s oversight capacity to improve safety and security for Canadians.

Improved bilateral relations

Canadians / Government of Canada

Bilateral relations with key trading partners (Brazil and the European Union) would be improved as visa screening shifts towards screening tailored to individual risk.

Easier, cheaper and simplified process for foreign nationals

Foreign nationals from Brazil, Romania and Bulgaria

eTA eligibility would benefit low-risk, repeat visitors to Canada who currently must apply for a new visa each time their previous visa expires. Extending eTA eligibility would significantly improve facilitation with its reduced fee ($7 compared to $100), faster processing, and minimal administrative burden (no passports or other documents submitted with the application in most cases, unless referred to an officer).

This increased facilitation would also benefit nationals who travel to the United States and/or transit through Canada. Visitors from these countries, who have been issued a U.S. visa, would find it easier and cheaper to add Canada as a destination.

Indirect economic impacts on the economy

Canadian economy/ business

The potential would exist for increased spending on transportation to and within Canada generating an impact on the transportation/aviation industry, as well as indirect impacts such as improved aviation connections, increased transit demand at Canadian airports, and improved business and trade opportunities.

Additional costs at land and sea ports of entry

Government of Canada

An eTA is an acceptable document for entry to Canada in the air mode only. There may be additional costs to the CBSA to manage entry for travellers seeking to enter Canada at land and sea ports with an eTA, rather than the required visa. IRCC would inform all eTA applicants of this important distinction through communication products.

Business and consumer impacts

Relative to other stakeholders, the business community in Canada would benefit the most from increased visa facilitation, as it is expected to bring more tourists and business opportunities, along with increased trade. The Canadian tourism and aviation sectors in particular will benefit, as travellers are incentivized to travel to Canada, add Canada as a destination, or use Canadian airports to transit to the United States.

Overall, the impact on the Canadian economy would be $137.4 million (PV) over 10 years in additional tourism spending from travellers who would otherwise not have travelled to Canada. These travellers whose travel has been facilitated would be expected to spend money at Canadian hotels, restaurants, and shops. There are further benefits that have not been explicitly monetized in the CBA analysis above, such as increased spending by travellers whose travel has been facilitated on transportation both to and within Canada, which would have an impact on the aviation industry as well as on other transportation modes. Other indirect impacts could include improved aviation connections, increased transit demand at Canadian airports, improved business and trade opportunities for Canadians and improved bilateral relations.

Distributional impacts

Expansion of eTA eligibility would involve front-end set-up costs associated with building IT infrastructure to support eTA expansion: principally to validate visas with the United States, as well as to maintain that infrastructure over time. Because the program would involve replacement of a visa requirement with a light-touch eTA screening, there is a risk that some foreign nationals could find it easier to enter Canada for the purposes of claiming asylum. As well, due to the expected uptake of the program, the analysis assumes that individuals who would have otherwise not applied to come to Canada would now be encouraged to acquire an eTA due to its light-touch, online nature. This could result in increased arrivals generating added costs at primary and secondary inspection at air ports of entry as well as a corresponding increase in inland enforcement that naturally occurs with increased visitor volumes. All costs associated with IT development and maintenance, and the management of the risks associated with increased enforcement, fall disproportionately to the Government, namely IRCC, CBSA, and Shared Services Canada. These costs are estimated at $12.1M (PV) over 10 years.

“One-for-One” Rule

The “One-for-One” Rule does not apply to this initiative, as there would be no change in administrative costs to business.

Small business lens

The small business lens does not apply to this initiative, as there would be no additional administrative burden or compliance costs to small business.

Consultation

Air and tourism industry stakeholders have advocated for IRCC to liberalize entry requirements for foreign nationals from these key markets: Brazil, Bulgaria and Romania. Canada’s visa policy, in the industry’s view, unduly restricts market growth opportunities. The tourism industry in particular has advocated heavily for the elimination of visa requirements for the Brazilian market.

The proposal for eTA expansion was announced in April 2015 and gained positive domestic and international media coverage. eTA expansion was discussed in various bilateral settings with the implicated countries. The countries selected for this proposed expansion of the eTA program are supportive of their inclusion.

Rationale

The Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations require that all foreign nationals entering Canada on a temporary basis hold a visa, unless otherwise exempted. The proposed amendments would make low-risk travellers from Brazil, Bulgaria and Romania seeking to enter Canada by air eligible to apply for an eTA. Expansion of eTA eligibility would leverage the eTA program to facilitate travel of low-risk foreign nationals from visa-required countries in the near term as the Government of Canada continues to enhance automated screen tools and develop and implement other forms of facilitation. It would provide a key building block for additional facilitative measures in the future.

The proposed change to the IRPR concerning automated information sharing with the United States would allow IRCC to ensure that, in expanding eligibility for the eTA program to select visa-required foreign nationals, travel facilitation objectives are balanced with the need to ensure the program is not exploited by ineligible individuals seeking to circumvent the more intensive visa screening process. The changes would also ensure that Canada’s important international information-sharing relationships are managed in a consistent manner.

Implementation, enforcement and service standards

Implementation

IRCC anticipates implementing these changes, if approved, in spring 2017. Key implementation activities would focus on ensuring that IRCC and its partners are resourced to manage the additional volumes of travellers added to the eTA system. IRCC has worked with delivery partners to develop clear roles and responsibilities and to ensure that coordination and communication are priorities. All key stakeholders will be included in the decision-making process as early as possible to ensure consensus.

A targeted, proactive communications plan would be implemented in Canada and in the affected countries to ensure low-risk travellers and travel agents are aware of this change.

Enforcement

Enforcement of the eTA requirement, which became mandatory on March 15, 2016, is dependent on the successful implementation of the CBSA IAPI system and the Integrated Primary Inspection Line Air application. IAPI serves as a validation mechanism for all eTA clients by communicating to airlines whether passengers are properly documented for travel to Canada before they board a plane.

Service standards

Applications resulting from expanded eTA eligibility, once it is implemented, would be screened and enforced like any other eTA application. It is expected that the majority of applicants would receive an eTA system response within minutes.

Performance measurement and evaluation

Approved performance measurement strategies for the eTA program are already in place and would be updated to include performance measures specific to the proposed expansion and visa validation, in collaboration with partner departments and agencies. Ongoing monitoring and reporting of the expansion activities would take place to ensure that the initiative is on track to achieve expected outcomes.

A formal evaluation of the eTA program is currently planned to begin in 2017–2018 and is expected to be completed by the end of 2018–2019. Early results of this eTA expansion proposal, if available, would be included within the formal eTA evaluation. In addition to the formal evaluation, IRCC would conduct an internal review of the eTA expansion project one year after its implementation.

Contact

David Beal
Acting Director
Document and Visa Policy
Citizenship and Immigration Canada
180 Kent Street, 8th Floor
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 1L1
Email: david.beal@cic.gc.ca

PROPOSED REGULATORY TEXT

Notice is given that the Governor in Council, pursuant to subsections 5(1), 11(1.01) (see footnote a) and sections 14 (see footnote b), 26 (see footnote c), 150 and 150.1 (see footnote d) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (see footnote e), proposes to make the annexed Regulations Amending the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations.

Interested persons may make representations concerning the proposed Regulations within 30 days after the date of publication of this notice. All such representations must cite the Canada Gazette, Part I, and the date of publication of this notice, and be addressed to David Beal, Acting Director, Document and Visa Policy, Admissibility Branch, Department of Citizenship and Immigration, 180 Kent Street, 8th Floor, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 1L1 (tel.: 613-437-5897; fax: 613-952-9187; email: david.beal@cic.gc.ca).

Ottawa, September 22, 2016

Jurica Čapkun
Assistant Clerk of the Privy Council

Regulations Amending the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations

Amendments

1 The Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (see footnote 1) are amended by adding the following after section 7:

Nationals of certain countries

7.01 (1) Despite subsection 7(1), a foreign national who is a citizen of one of the following countries and who is seeking to enter Canada by air may not enter Canada to remain on a temporary basis without first obtaining a temporary resident visa or an electronic travel authorization:

Application for electronic travel authorization — conditions

(2) A foreign national referred to in subsection (1) may only make an application for an electronic travel authorization if they

2 Subsection 7.1(1) of the Regulations is replaced by the following:

Electronic travel authorization

7.1 (1) A foreign national referred to in paragraph 7(2)(a) who is exempt from the requirement to obtain a temporary resident visa and who is seeking to enter Canada by air to remain on a temporary basis is, nevertheless, required to obtain an electronic travel authorization before entering Canada, unless they are exempted by subsection (3) from the requirement to obtain one.

3 (1) Subsection 12.04(4) of the Regulations is amended by striking out “and” at the end of paragraph (h) and by adding the following after that paragraph:

(2) Subsection 12.04(5) of the Regulations is replaced by the following:

Combined applications — foreign nationals referred to in subsection 7.01(1)

(5) An application for a renewal of a work permit or study permit that is made by a foreign national referred to in subsection 7.01(1) is considered to constitute an application for an electronic travel authorization.

Combined applications — foreign nationals referred to in subsection 7.1(1)

(6) An application for a work permit or study permit or for renewal of a work permit or study permit that is made by a foreign national who is required under subsection 7.1(1) to obtain an electronic travel authorization is considered to constitute an application for an electronic travel authorization.

4 (1) Paragraph 12.05(a) of the Regulations is replaced by the following:

(2) Paragraph 12.05(c) of the Regulations is replaced by the following:

5 Section 12.06 of the Regulations is replaced by the following:

Ineligibility

12.06 A foreign national who holds an electronic travel authorization becomes ineligible to hold such an authorization if, following its issuance,

Cancellation

12.07 An officer may cancel an electronic travel authorization that was issued to a foreign national if the foreign national is inadmissible or becomes ineligible to hold such an authorization under section 12.06.

6 Subparagraph 111(b)(i) of the Regulations is replaced by the following:

7 Paragraph 259(g) of the Regulations is replaced by the following:

8 (1) Paragraph 279(1)(a) of the Regulations is replaced by the following:

(2) Paragraphs 279(2)(c) and (d) of the Regulations are replaced by the following:

9 Subsection 282(2.1) of the Regulations is replaced by the following:

Elements considered

(2.1) In considering the submissions, the Minister must take into account whether the commercial transporter was, before the foreign national was carried to Canada, notified under section 270 that the foreign national may have been a person prescribed under section 258.1 or a person who did not hold an electronic travel authorization when one was required under section 7.01 or 7.1.

10 Subsection 294.1(2) of the Regulations is replaced by the following:

Exception

(2) A person whose application for a work permit or study permit or for renewal of a work permit or study permit is considered, as the case may be, under subsection 12.04(5) or (6), to constitute an application for an electronic travel authorization is not required to pay the fee referred to in subsection (1).

11 (1) Paragraphs 315.23(1)(a) and (b) of the Regulations are replaced by the following:

(2) Subsection 315.23(2) of the Regulations is amended by adding “or” at the end of paragraph (c) and by adding the following after that paragraph:

Coming into Force

12 These Regulations come into force on the day on which they are registered.

[45-1-o]